Status: Under discussion
Author: Jordi Palet Martinez
jordi.palet at theipv6company.com
The IPv6 Company
|Amends: CPM, amend art. 5.7|
|Submitted: 13th May 2019|
1. Summary of the problem being addressed by this proposal
This proposal allows establishing the mechanism to allow transfers of legacy IPv4 resources to/from other regions and to align AFRINIC with a market that already exists and in which we are lagging behind, which is negative for the region.
2. Summary of how this proposal addresses the problem
In recent years, and with the exhaustion of IPv4, several regions have solved this problem, not only through transfers within the region itself, but between different regions. This allows to facilitate a dynamic in the market and by increasing the offer, reducing prices.
However, an inter-RIR mechanism has not been established in AFRINIC, which is leading the region to a situation of discrimination and scarcity of addresses, not only in the RIR itself, but in the region's market, which avoids even that new businesses can be established in the region, due to the lack of addresses.
On the other hand, the fact that there is no inter-RIR policy does not prevent transfers "under the table" and, therefore, assumes that there are resources from which the history of their registration is lost, which is one of the main functions of AFRINIC.
As a protection measure, it is considered that these transfers should only be allowed from AFRINIC to other regions if they are legacy resources, regardless of the origin of the resources that come from other regions. This also has the advantage of allowing these resources to emerge and incorporate them into the RIRs system.
Additionally, it is important to highlight that the deployment of IPv6, in some cases, may require small blocks of IPv4 addresses for transition mechanisms, or significantly increase the costs thereof, and many AFRINIC entities could, therefore, be in serious disadvantage if they do not have access to a global market, as it is currently the case.
There is no doubt that accepting this type of transfer also has its risks, and it is possible that an initial price increase will be generated, which would quickly be aligned with the rest of the global market, as is usually the case with equivalent markets.
This proposal would allow bidirectional transfers with LACNIC and RIPE. However, because the legacy-only, it will limit the transfers with APNIC to also legacy-only, and will not allow transfers with ARIN, as their policy wording limits the transfers to other regions with “reciprocal” policies.
Amend article 5.7 of the CPM, as follows:
5.7 IPv4 Resources transfer within the AFRINIC Region
Like the other Regional Internet Registries, AFRINIC will soon exhaust its IPv4 pool. In order to meet the needs of late resource requestors, a transfer policy for IPv4 resources within the region is needed. The goal of this policy is to define conditions under which transfers must occur. The policy solves the issue of an African organization needing IPv4 number resources after the exhaustion of the AFRINIC IPv4 pool or when AFRINIC can no longer satisfy the needs of such an organization.
5.7.1 Summary of the policy
This policy applies to an organization with justified need for IPv4 resources that cannot be satisfied by AFRINIC.
5.7.2 IPv4 resources to be transferred - must be from an existing AFRINIC member's account or from a Legacy Resource Holder in the AFRINIC service region.
5.7 IPv4 Resources transfers
This policy applies to an organization with justified need, for IPv4 resources that cannot be satisfied by AFRINIC.
5.7.1 Recognized transfer types
Two types of transfers are recognized:
In the Inter-RIR case, if the source of the resources is located in AFRINIC and the destination is another RIR, only legacy resources can be transferred.
5.7.3. Conditions on the source of the transfer
220.127.116.11 The source must be the current rightful holder of the IPv4 address resources recognized by AFRINIC, and not be involved in any dispute as to the status of those resources.
18.104.22.168 Source entities will not be eligible to receive any further IPv4 address allocations or assignments from AFRINIC for a period of 12 months after a transfer approval.
22.214.171.124 Source entities must not have received a transfer, allocation, or assignment of IPv4 number resources from AFRINIC for the 12 months prior to the approval of transfer request. This restriction excludes mergers and acquisitions transfers.
5.7.2 Conditions on the source of the transfer
126.96.36.199 The source must be the current rightful holder of the IPv4 address resources in the relevant RIR, and not be involved in any dispute as to the status of those resources.
188.8.131.52 Source entities will not be eligible to receive any further IPv4 address allocations or assignments from AFRINIC for a period of 12 months after a transfer approval.
5.7.4. Conditions on the recipient of the transfer
184.108.40.206 AFRINIC must approve the recipient's need for the IPv4 number resources. In order for an organization to qualify for receiving a transfer, it must first go through the process of justifying its IPv4 resource needs before AFRINIC. That is to say, the organization must justify and demonstrate before AFRINIC its initial/additional allocation/assignment usage, as applicable, according to the policies in force.
220.127.116.11 The recipient must be an AFRINIC member, subject to current AFRINIC policies and must sign the Registration Services Agreement for resources being received.
5.7.3 Conditions on the recipient of the transfer
18.104.22.168 For an organization within the AFRINIC service region, AFRINIC must approve the recipient's need for the IPv4 number resources, following existing relevant policies.
22.214.171.124 For an organization in another RIR service region the relevant criterion will depend on the relevant policies in the destination RIR.
126.96.36.199 The recipient must be a member of the relevant RIR, subjected to its policies and legal documents/service agreements.
188.8.131.52 Transferred IPv4 legacy resources will no longer be regarded as legacy resources.
184.108.40.206 IPv4 legacy resources will no longer be regarded as legacy resources:
There are Inter-RIR policies in APNIC, ARIN and RIPE, which have widely demonstrated their effectiveness and have not presented problems to the respective communities, quite the contrary.
LACNIC reached consensus on an equivalent proposal in their last meeting:
According to the existing evidence, the ARIN region appears as the origin of the transfer of the largest number of addresses to the other regions that have resource transfer policies.