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key 256The Resource Public Key Infrastructure (RPKI) is a framework for certifying the holdership of Internet resources (IPv4, IPv6 and ASN). It uses an extended version of the X.509 standards to create and validate certificates containing resource holdership information. RPKI follows the allocation hierarchy from IANA to RIRs, from RIRs to LIRs and from LIRs to end-users. As such, the RPKI is an important component for interdomain routing security by enabling origin validation through cryptographically signed objects called ROAs (Route Origin Authorization). Basically, a ROA is a signed assertion by a prefix holder, authorising a specific AS number to advertise the prefix or a subset of it. The ROAs are then made public and validated by third parties and the validation results can be used to produce BGP filters to accept or deny ingress route announcements. Validation works by walking up the chain of trust, validating each certificate along the path up to the trust anchor (TA).

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July News RoundupWe provide here a quick overview of our activities and news in July 2017.

Monthly Statistics

New members in July: 16


Total members in 2017: 86

IPv4 address space allocated in July: 60,928 /32s

Total IPv4 allocated in 2017: 6,087,168

IPv4 address space available: 0.81 /8s


IPv6 address space prefixes allocated in July: 10

IPv6 address space prefixes allocated in 2017: 40 /32s

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The Ripe Atlas Internet measurements infrastructure in Africa is about to receive a significant boost, thanks to the arrival of a brand-new Anchor in Burkina Faso! The Anchor, to be hosted by Orange Burkina Faso S.A., will now put the number of Ripe Atlas Anchors in Africa at eight (8). At present, one Anchor is in North Africa in Tunisia, three in East Africa (Kenya, Tanzania and Mauritius), and three in South Africa. It is exciting that, with the coming live of the Anchor in Burkina Faso, there will now be at least one Anchor in the West Africa region. Many thanks to Jean Baptiste Millogo and his Orange team, for their tremendous efforts to get the Anchor into Burkina Faso!  Map below shows the global geographical distribution of Anchors.

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One problem with the Internet, non-existent before 1994, is the confrontation between persons who, either intentionally or unintentionally, create an address on the Internet which includes someone else's trademark. — Michael A. Daniels [1], Chairman of the Board for Network Solutions Inc. (July 1999)

With the difference of just a month the Anti Cybersquatting Consumer Protection Act (ACPA) was enacted in November 29, 1999 while the Uniform Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy (UDRP) of ICANN was approved in October 24, 1999. While any decision to pursue cyber-squatters under the ACPA or the UDRP belongs to the trademark owner, the attorney who advises the trademark owner should have a good working knowledge of the benefits and weaknesses of each method.

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Thanks to a changing technological and political landscape, it's become more important than ever for the RIPE NCC to engage the law enforcement community.

The first time I dealt with the RIPE NCC and the RIPE community was while working as a British police officer in 2008. I worked on cybercrime investigations and was invited to the RIPE NCC's first Roundtable Meeting for governments and regulators in Amsterdam. I didn't know what to expect, but I did know what I wanted: make it difficult for criminals to use Internet number resources for criminal activity and, if they did, make it easier for law enforcement agencies (LEAs) to identify those criminals.

Nine years later, I'm working for the RIPE NCC's External Relations team to bring the RIPE community and the LEA community closer together. In that time, we've come a long way - but there's still a lot of work we can do to help law enforcement agents do their jobs and make the Internet a safer place, to the benefit of Internet users everywhere. 

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